Types of Psychotherapy


Psychotherapy is a general temp that refers to the treatment of mental illness, emotional challenges, and psychiatric disorders by talking to a psychiatrist, psychologist, licensed social worker, licenced professional counselor, marriage and family therapist or a psychiatrist nurse. According to the national institute of mental health, more than 25% of American adults face depression, anxiety, or other mental disorders in every given year. Some people need therapy to cope with serious illness, weight-loss, prohibit smoking, relationship troubles, job issues, the death of any loved one, stress, substance abuse, and various other issues.

Types of Psychotherapy 

Depending on the type of mental illness, therapists choose different types of Psychotherapies. We are going to discuss a few of them here.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

This therapy is used to replace the negative, harmful, and ineffective thought and behavior patterns of the patient with more functional, positive, and practical thoughts and behaviors. CBT is used to treat depression, anxiety, trauma, and eating disorders, to change the negative patterns of thoughts contributing to these problems.

Interpersonal Therapy

IPT is relatively a short-term treatment that helps patients to understand the passive and covert interpersonal issues that are creating trouble for them. For instance, the grief, sudden change in a social or professional role, conflict with significant others. Through this therapy, the psychiatrist tries to teach the patient to express emotions in a healthy way and to improve the communication skills to resolve such issues.

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy

It is a specific type of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy that helps to regulate emotions. It is mostly used to treat people with chronic and recurring suicidal thoughts and others with a borderline personality disorder, eating disorders and PSTD. It is focused to help people to take personal responsibility.

Psychodynamic Therapy 

This particular psychotherapy is based on the idea that minders and behavior are highly influenced by childhood experiences, inappropriate repetitive thoughts, and unconscious feelings. In this therapy, the therapist works with the patient to improve self-awareness and to change inbuilt thoughts and behavior patterns. Its more incentive form is psychoanalysis, which is extended up to three or more sessions per week.

Supportive Therapy

It uses guidance and encouragement to the patient for economic development. It works to build self-esteem, reduce anxious, strengthen the coping mechanism, and improves social and communal functioning. This psychotherapy helps the patient to cope with the mental health issues that are disturbing the rest of their lives.

Additional Therapies

For some disorders, the therapist chooses Animal-assisted therapies, creative arts therapy, or play therapy to help in communication, deal with trauma, and to better express the emotions and feelings.


Psychiatrists and other mental health professionals use various types of Psychotherapy. The choice depends on the particular illness, circumstances, and patients’ preferences. At times he has to combine the elements of different approaches to best meet the needs. And to get best out of Psychotherapy patient needs to understand that it is a collaborative effort. He has to be honest, open and receptive to the guidelines.

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